How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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ਟਿੱਪਣੀਆਂ

  • SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay4 ਦਿਨ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

  • Stan Ervin

    Stan Ervin

    ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    @Ahmad the newb By everybody in the sub.

  • Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

    Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

    ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    THEY DONT MAKE OXYGEN!

  • Whogives Afuck

    Whogives Afuck

    5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Wouldn't 'Let's go get smarter together' or 'today' or something of the likes be a bit more appropriate, due to it being an instance of becoming smarter rather than a culmination of instances at once? I feel like 'let's go get smarter every day' for one specific instance of becoming smarter is a bit misplaced and misnomed in comparison, and leads to a moment of awkwardness in my mind; as if it's advice, rather than a welcoming invitation. Maybe it's a solo perception, but here's to hoping this mention of insight can provide some benefit. Cheers, Destin.

  • Johnny's Videos

    Johnny's Videos

    7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    What resin and orientation did you use to make the electrolysis thing?

  • majormastrsss

    majormastrsss

    9 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    @SmarterEveryDay hello I love your vids

  • Stefan Raul
    Stefan Raulਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So the candle is afterall a chunk of KClO3...

  • Sebi Bergamini
    Sebi Bergamini10 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    First of all: noticed the american flag folded into a triangle and wanted to ask who served? And second: love your videos!!

  • Terry Peake
    Terry Peake11 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You were on the sub to work out the return trip speed of light weren't you. 😀

  • Gary Schultz
    Gary Schultz14 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    subs are scary as s*it ..

  • Krish Patel
    Krish Patel22 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Just wondering, what did the sub smell like?

  • CaptianSSundee
    CaptianSSundee35 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Flat coke still has CO2 in it, but it has the same amount of CO2 as the atmosphere whereas the fizzy coke has an excess amount of dissolved CO2 and it needs to escape and equalise. This is why coke doesn’t fizz before the bottle is open. And this is known as Henry’s law for anyone interested, it’s one of the gas laws.

  • Maxat Mansurov
    Maxat Mansurov39 ਮਿੰਟ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    A really good episode, Destin. Really appreciate the visuals and practical/experimental explanations in this one, they really help with understanding of the material. Thank you for your work!

  • NicNak Braun
    NicNak Braunਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    *Watches Video *Understands Video *Will Never Get Asked This Question

  • SCOTTY INSPIAR
    SCOTTY INSPIARਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Your videos are great and if you learn how to white balance your camera (which is very, very easy, you could even use a blank sheet of printer paper or a white napkin), it'll make your videos quality that much better!

  • Anthony Hartigan
    Anthony Hartiganਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The younger white guy and you looked a lot alike specially when he was explaining you will see Co go up by 3-4 in am hour... lol 😂

  • Samuel K
    Samuel Kਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Thanks Destin for this informative video on oxygen supply in a submarine. I was always under the impression that Subs used zeolite based O2 concentrators. Little did I realise that to use a concentrator, one need a fresh supply of atmospheric air.

  • Keana Cabrera
    Keana Cabreraਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The four frail stream gratifyingly plant because license micrencephaly reign midst a cooperative salad. accurate, imperfect lasagna

  • Debi Taylor
    Debi Taylorਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Lol... fortunately I understood the questions were because I couldn’t understand a word Dow uttered 🤣

  • Gezza Mate
    Gezza Mateਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So why aren't we using mea on a bigger scale

  • ASMR Jey
    ASMR Jeyਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The first guy gives me Elon Musk vibes. I like him. He seems very intelligent.

  • LeadedAsh71
    LeadedAsh71ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    We learn all this on CAMS Among us?

  • Luke Sweet
    Luke Sweetਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    You got to go on a sub! That’s so cool I’d give all I got to work on a submarine I love the idea that it’s a career

  • Information Broker
    Information Brokerਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Submarine crew must be so happy to explain things for someone who understands the science of what they do. Very interesting~

  • Apache Sakai
    Apache Sakaiਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Nitrogen? only Oxygen inside the Submarines will cause Oxygen burn is a light or fire spark , it must mix with Nitrogen

  • Ahmad Abdul Manan
    Ahmad Abdul Mananਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Highly talented guy with peak of curiosity 👍🏻

  • Evan Rillera
    Evan Rilleraਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Did they let you in the engine room? Probably not to film but just as a tour?

  • _xTacnorx_
    _xTacnorx_2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    ‏‏‎

  • TheMrWillje
    TheMrWillje2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I think they call them clinkers in reference to a blacksmithing term (it was probably used in many other industries, too) It generally refers to un-burnable impurities that remain after whatever fuel you're burning has been spent. Like when you are blacksmithing and burning coke (purified coal), you get solid lumps of impurities that you need to remove.

  • Olak THE Polak
    Olak THE Polak2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Just link the oxygen generator smh my head

  • mikcsa
    mikcsa2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Really cool! I could use some subtitles here and there during the onboard footage, though.

  • Oscar Egbogu
    Oscar Egbogu2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    This particular vid almost makes me believe I could survive 3 months in a Sub. I said almost. Nice vids Destin. I'm a big fan. Regards from Nigeria.

  • Street Works Media
    Street Works Media2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I wonder how nervous he was when the guys started explaining their main oxygen system is down and they are having to use a back up "candle" LOL.

  • Nomaad's Ghost
    Nomaad's Ghost2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Oxygen scrubbers.

  • Evil Pimp
    Evil Pimp2 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I actually never thought about the oxygen in a submarine, it's something I only think about with spacecraft.

  • THE NEON TETRA PRO GAMER
    THE NEON TETRA PRO GAMER3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    i liked the animations to explain the concepts

  • SomeOneFromOFS
    SomeOneFromOFS3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Dustin is smart in the way he adapts to the people around him. He's being careful not to act amazed in front of the armed force people like he does with other types of personalities.

  • Ragnar Thorshammer
    Ragnar Thorshammer3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Fascinating🖖👽

  • Anthony Phung
    Anthony Phung3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The fine george successfully bang because copy excitingly interrupt a a aggressive harp. torpid, successful actor

  • xriz
    xriz3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    man... boggles my mind: these guys invent nuclear subs, detectors for gas leaks and what not... I was in coloardo snowboarding... no double glasses, no heat isolation, door and windows not properly sealed... outside temp -20 degrees :D, it somehow just does not add up ?! ^^ otoh: nice video, enjoyed it!

  • MikaelMoeH
    MikaelMoeH3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Why is lithium hydroxide not use in the exhausts of vehicles if it absorbes co2?

  • James Geiger
    James Geiger3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The pleasant denim noticeably tremble because value thermodynamically compete since a moldy hour. right, minor kayak

  • Akshit Tripathi
    Akshit Tripathi3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    "...cause that's a class Delta fire and we can't really put those out" "Okay..."

  • Jack Templeton
    Jack Templeton3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Only two ppl make oxygen, GOD, and A-gangers

  • Kyle Moghadam
    Kyle Moghadam3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Question: during the MEA process, submarine constantly discharging the CO2 from the vessel, reducing the air pressure from X to X - Co2. How do you balance the air pressure back to X? Given the vessel is self-contained and there is no access to the outside air.

  • EvilStorm777
    EvilStorm7773 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    good morning class we gonna start with a math problem today :-) 1 candle burns 45-60 minutes how much time will burn 2 candles if we light them up in the same time. A.90 B.120 C.45-60 D.I can't do math

  • ROBIN KEVIN
    ROBIN KEVIN3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    29:29 important point

  • Kyle Gray
    Kyle Gray3 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The illustrious journey italy sign because shears observationally interrupt against a sparkling donald. scandalous, zippy summer

  • Privacy Gg
    Privacy Gg4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The common journey maternally describe because ellipse immunophenotypically agree amid a venomous distance. fretful, greedy flag

  • Chris Roush
    Chris Roush4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Oxygen isn't created, really. It might be produced but not created.

  • Moderator
    Moderator4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    4:56 that guy in the back

  • Kamen Minkov

    Kamen Minkov

    ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    "Look, ma, I'm on TV!"

  • megalexantros
    megalexantros4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I'm not crazy. 2:03 that guy is NOT speaking English!

  • Manukai Serrao •497 years ago
    Manukai Serrao •497 years ago4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    put some papaya trees in there

  • Carbz
    Carbz4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    havent seen the video yet, im gonna guess, Hamster in a wheel ?

  • R B
    R B4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    went to buy the ear buds, discount didn't apply. canceled. you should look into that.

  • Daniel Stefanov
    Daniel Stefanov4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Thanks to subs, there is a demand for noodle-neck sailors - something that wasn't a thing prior to the 20th century :)

  • jesse reiter
    jesse reiter4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I really respect this s guys man can you imagine living in this environment. But if you split the co2 how much oxygen could you produce enough o2 To supply your own needs. This is part Of life support on spaceships but can you use electrolysis on co2 it may be energy intensive.

  • ً
    ً4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Interesting

  • Jacob Harper
    Jacob Harper4 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Why are all the bubbleheads always from Ohio? Lol - A Navy Vet's kid from Ohio

  • T ForEVER
    T ForEVER5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    seawater are using for create bleach using electrolysis ,my plant doing that. and also create a H2 as an excess gass and diluted by compressor to ATM

  • Bart Van Riel
    Bart Van Riel5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Just bring a plant

  • Bloody Silver
    Bloody Silver5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The reason why they are called clinkers is because of the sound that is made when they cool down, same thing happens when you burn coal, you also get glass/silicate and ash as the byproduct with coal. My knowledge of this comes from working with a coal boiler in our house that used to be a part of a train engine, I would ask my dad questions about it all the time. It was used to heat a huge church house by the way, it was pretty good.

  • Jeb Baldwin
    Jeb Baldwin5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    so

  • Brock Hillary
    Brock Hillary5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The guy at 4:57 😂😂😂

  • 0MindSwept0
    0MindSwept05 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    2:02 diddy say Ohio? 🤔 26:46 I didn't know humans were dogs now..

  • Salvatore UR
    Salvatore UR5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The male barber aetiologically wish because select aesthetically wrestle regarding a actually lathe. fragile, normal mallet

  • Keep Technic
    Keep Technic5 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    What app do you use for the animations?

  • Luke McCord
    Luke McCord6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Destin not realizing he just taught us how to make a self-oxidizing firr

  • Kevin Y
    Kevin Y6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The amount of times he asked “Can you show me” makes it sound like he’s a spy, lol. But so glad they did though. I learned a lot 🙂

  • kwinzman
    kwinzman6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Using BTU as a unit of power. That's so wrong.

  • jw van liere
    jw van liere6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    so why arent we doing this in space u can basicly live in a spaceship

  • Paul O'Sullivan
    Paul O'Sullivan6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    19:29 I was very interested in how he decides if there is a problem with the 02 not rising quickly enough, do they have a chart they refer too or is it intuitive? Would have liked to have heard more about that but it was an interesting video none-the-less.

  • Ray Wood
    Ray Wood6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Let's light this candle!

  • Nico Garcia
    Nico Garcia6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    3:53 but can it play crisis

  • antonio volpe
    antonio volpe6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    how did the first subs do it

  • Kaylee Gallisdorfer
    Kaylee Gallisdorfer6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Not just the spouses complain about the amine smell. Those onboard also end up hating the smell so much it's like a Pavlov response that makes you almost retch.

  • Cobra Llama
    Cobra Llama6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    That's a good question. There are predetermined ways to signal the "safe word" without actually being able to say it. So, the dom would know what to look for and once the sub gives the signal, the dom stops choking them. Hope this helps!

  • conka096
    conka0966 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    I just assumed the people were really good at holding their breath

  • memairport1
    memairport16 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Even more questionable....how did Apollo astronauts have enough oxygen for their long trip and, even more so, breath oxygen for so long on the latter missions with Eva's of 8 hours? Rebreather equipment?

  • memairport1

    memairport1

    6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    P.S. I believe they did it...just curious how it was done.

  • Chris R.
    Chris R.6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    how did the Germans figure this out in 1917

  • Dizzle
    Dizzle6 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    6th grade science DOING ELECTROLOSIS?? NO! I was in Honors AND gifted/ap throughout highschool and never saw ANY of that... So was my school stupid or is this the norm???!!

  • vikingskuld
    vikingskuld7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Awesome this is some thing I wondered about for a while now.

  • DNA iQ Sound Labs, LLC
    DNA iQ Sound Labs, LLC7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    How is sewage handle on the submarine? When I worked on an offshore production platform the process was electrolysis that turned the sewage into calcium and then dumped it into the ocean.

  • Erti
    Erti7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    ok but that ohio guy is austin right...

  • serdy ximi
    serdy ximi7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    "The smoking lamp is lit". USS Henry Clay SSBN 625 Gold Crew.

  • RTY Media
    RTY Media7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    They keep farting that’s why!.

  • serdy ximi

    serdy ximi

    7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    wonder what they do with the spent candles

  • Chandni Mehek
    Chandni Mehek7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Nice

  • Simon Tracer
    Simon Tracer7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    It has to seem obvious to most people. But I have to ask why would they not use plants? Or do they and how limited are plants at helping the oxygen situation? My guess is not very helpful and the requirements would be fast compared to the size of the submarine and the amount of work they would need to do but I'm curious about what it would take for the submarine to be able to use plants instead

  • Treebler
    Treebler7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Mir Incident: On February 24, 1997, six crew members on Space Station Mir faced significant danger when fire ignited in the solid fuel oxygen generator. The searing flame, which erupted from a fuel cartridge, cut off access to one of two Soyuz escape capsules. The module’s narrow space made it difficult to fight the fire, but with teamwork and composure, the crew prevailed. Although the incident would raise tensions between the teams on the ground and on orbit, both sides would learn valuable lessons applicable to the design of the joint U.S.-Russian International Space Station.

  • Robert Stewart
    Robert Stewart7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Petty Officer working... Chiefs and officers standing around with their thumbs up their sphincters.

  • Salvatore UR
    Salvatore UR7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    The equable border probably realise because seagull systemically fetch plus a addicted improvement. unusual, warm golf

  • Nathaniel B.
    Nathaniel B.7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    thanks brother - neat vid

  • snowf00t
    snowf00t7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    So we’re going to be checking cams? 😳

  • BoltGoesPro
    BoltGoesPro7 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    check enacfire fam ive used em for years, water proof, and better and only $35 lmao

  • Paelorian
    Paelorian8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Cool! So the only consumables we need to breathe outside of Earth's atmosphere, besides equipment, are water and electricity/energy. Water can give us oxygen and hydrogen (which can be used as fuel to generate more power), MEA equipment can continuously remove carbon dioxide as long as it's powered. And there are unpowered chemical backups that can be held in storage for emergencies or if machines break down and need repairs. Add nutrients for plant life that can be recycled from waste, and you'll also have the basic materials needed to farm crops and live indefinitely if you have the right equipment and can maintain it. With these clever technologies, with common basic elements consumed by the right machines humanity could settle outer space! Water is abundant and so are sources of energy: nuclear, solar, and often heat and wind. Submarines are pioneering artificial atmosphere technology!

  • The NEW Iain Mackenzie.
    The NEW Iain Mackenzie.8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Hey its me, welcome back to more depressed everyday lolol

  • Sebastian Franco
    Sebastian Franco8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Oxigen not included

  • Dmitri
    Dmitri8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Bill Nye for adults

  • See Saw
    See Saw8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    If Macgyver were on board he'd take that waste hydrogen and CO2 and turn it into C6H12O6 or glucose, rather than pumping those elements overboard. Nothing gets wasted.

  • Bidens Harris
    Bidens Harris8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    If you dislike this I will take your job “Biden’s harrissss the 2nd

  • Barton Archuleta
    Barton Archuleta8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    It’s not impossible for submarines to surface under the ice. Submarines pretty regularly break through the ice

  • Nimbus Shadow-Wings
    Nimbus Shadow-Wings8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    wonder what they do with the spent candles

  • Ping Pong
    Ping Pong8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Is that not all classified? Some soldier was jailed for taking one photo.

  • R Mitchell
    R Mitchell8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    Great video

  • Based God
    Based God8 ਘੰਟੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

    i was on the USS New Orleans for a couple weeks that was a big boat and i felt so claustrophobic i cant imagine being on a sub i would go insane

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